organic farming grants

organic farming grants

Using the label "organic" to distinguish one tomato from another is a larger part of the original meaning of the word, because until the mid-twentieth century, it simply meant something living or derived from living matter. In this sense, the idea of a tomato "inorganic" is a contradiction in terms, unless it is, say, a tomato-ornament-shaped glass. With very few exceptions – salt is one – all our food is "Organic", no matter how it is produced.

The specific meaning of "organic" we use when we speak of "organic product" today traces back to 1942, when JI Rodale launched a magazine called Organic Gardening. Nowadays Rodale is hailed as a pioneer, but He was often derided as a crank and a return to obsolete ways of farming. He advocated maintaining soil fertility and stability by putting organic matter – manure or compost – back into the soil rather than relying on the "inorganic, or synthetic fertilizers which were then widely considered the modern way to go. So in Rodale's use, it is fertilizer, and them, methods livestock rather than food, that were organic, and concern primarily with the ground, not with issues such as biodiversity or the protection of animals. But the meaning of "organic farming" soon parted from the original narrow distinction between Rodale's fertilizer. Varying definitions has spiraled out of control, different associations of "organic" has attempted to set standards, accordance with their own values. Some wanted to stick to a narrow definition in terms of what you could and could not get on the ground, crops or animals. Others wanted to include an entire lifestyle, including healthy living, a form of equitable distribution, the concern for wildlife, and so on. Among the organic farmers' organizations around the world, the broader view prevailed. The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements Organics installed on this definition:

Organic agriculture is an agricultural system that promotes environmentally, socially, economically healthy and producing food, fiber, wood, etc. In this system, soil fertility is seen as the key to successful production. Working with the natural properties of plants, animals and landscape, organic farmers aim to optimize quality in all aspects of agriculture and the environment.

Such a definition does not, however, lend themselves to be reduced to a label that can be placed on products to show they were produced organically. Without specific standards that could be encapsulated in a label, consumers are often uncertain what the "organic" different labels used by different associations and producers really meant.

In 1990, Congress decided to remove the confusion by authorizing the Department of Agriculture to establish legally enforceable "USDA Organic "standards and a certification system so that consumers can be confident that their food had actually been produced in accordance with the standards. This led in 2002 to a set of standards that most people in organic farming considered a reasonable compromise between different views that organic farming is all. Crops must be grown without using synthetic fertilizers and synthetic pesticides and more all herbicides are also banned, although biological and botanical methods of control can be used. Soil fertility must be maintained by the use of animal waste and plants (but not sludge, which can contain toxic heavy metals), crop rotation, and growing "cover crops" like clover between other crops. (Cover crops are planted in the soil to restore nitrogen and organic matter.) Animals used for meat, eggs or milk must eat organic grains or other organic food and should not be given growth hormones or antibiotics. (Sick or injured animals may be treated with antibiotics, but then their meat, milk or eggs can not be sold as organic.) organic animal husbandry must have outside access, including access to pasture for ruminants. Neither plants nor animals can be the product of genetic engineering and organic food can be irradiated.

Reprinted from: The Way We Eat: Why Our Food Choices Matter by Peter Singer and Jim Mason © 2006 Peter Singer and Jim Mason. (May 2006, $ 25.95US / 34.95CAN $ 1-57954-889-X) Permission granted by Rodale Inc., Emmaus, PA 18098. Available in all the books are sold either directly from the publisher by calling (800) 848-4735 or visit their website of www. rodalestore.com.

About the Author:

Peter Singer is a professor of bioethics at Princeton University’s Center for Human Values. He first became well known internationally after the publication of Animal Liberation in 1975. In 2005, Time magazine named him one of the world’s 100 most influential people.

Jim Mason is the coauthor of Animal Factories (with Peter Singer) and the author of An Unnatural Order: Why We Are Destroying the Planet and Each Other, which John Robbins, author of the best-selling Diet for a New America, calls “a wonderful and important book.” He is also an attorney and the fifth generation of a Missouri farming family.

Article Source: ArticlesBase.comWhat is Organic Food?

pt 2 Neil Young & Dave Matthews Band ~All Along The Watchtower ~ farm aid 9-12-99 ~ exTREmE vIDeo ~ Part 2 (Bob Dylan Cover)

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